Population Of Indonesia

map indonesia 300x183 - Population Of Indonesia
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As per the 2010 national census, Indonesia’s population was 237.64 million, and estimation shows will reach 255.4 million in 2015. Fifty-eight percent live on the island of Java, the world’s most populous island.

Despite a somewhat effective family planning program that has been in place since 1967, by the end of the decade 2010, Indonesia’s population growth was 1.49%. Projection indicates that, at this rate, Indonesia’s population to surpass the present numbers of the United States. Many people living there say family planning should be imposed and educate about it, based on the 1967 program, to circumvent Indonesia becoming the world’s third most populous country. Still, religious groups have criticized this aim and believe that family planning goes against religious teachings.

Compared to western countries, Indonesia has a higher percentage of the young population; furthermore, average life expectancy has been increased, and the birth rate has on decreasing trend. 

Some Facts:

  • In the year 2017, the median age is 30.2 years.
  • Indonesia has diverse cultural, ethnic, and includes numerous ethnic, cultural, and several spoken languages, a few of them interconnected and some similarities.
  • The official language is Indonesian(Bahasa); it is a combination of Malay and official language since independence. There are several languages native to Indonesia. As per Ethnologue, there are currently 737 spoken languages and significantly spoken one is Javanese.
  •  Many locals speak their ethnic languages, and it is considered their primary language. 
  • Indonesia has over 300 ethnic groups, and approximately 95% of them have local ancestry.
  • The largest grouping is Javanese, which consists of 100 million people, roughly 42% of the total population. The second largest is Sundanese, with almost 40 million and a share of 15% in the country’s population.
  • There are several Chinese origin languages also spoken, significantly Min Nan. From 1966 to 1998, these languages were discouraged, including Chinese characters.

Indonesia’s Statistics

RankPopulation in 2020World % Share
4273,523,6153.51%
Urban Population% Urban PopulationPopulation Density
154,188,54656.4151
LandMedian AgePopulation in 2050
1,811,57029.7330,904,664

Population of Indonesia (1950 – 2020)


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YearPopulationYearly % ChangeYearly ChangeMigrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban PopulationCountry’s Share of World PopWorld Population
2020273,523,615-98,95529.72.32151154,188,5467,794,798,739
2019270,625,568-98,95528.82.42149150,900,3907,713,468,100
2018267,670,543-98,95528.82.42148147,603,0067,631,091,040
2017264,650,963-98,95528.82.42146144,294,8617,547,858,925
2016261,556,381-98,95528.82.42144140,972,9257,464,022,049
2015258,383,256-90,88928.52.45143137,634,7617,379,797,139
2010241,834,215-266,73727.22.5133121,052,9806,956,823,603
2005226,289,470-229,93125.62.53125104,155,6546,541,907,027
2000211,513,823-13,53424.42.5511788,851,4876,143,493,823
1995196,934,260-7,08222.82.910971,053,5775,744,212,979
1990181,413,40252,25621.33.410055,491,3435,327,231,061
1985164,982,45195,01619.94.119143,049,4124,870,921,740
1980147,447,83675,74919.14.738132,601,8074,458,003,514
1975130,680,727101,65518.55.37225,252,0964,079,480,606
1970114,793,178111,21218.65.576319,603,9593,700,437,046
1965100,267,06289,99319.45.625515,838,1703,339,583,597
196087,751,06880,53620.25.674812,805,1843,034,949,748
195577,273,42575,74320.45.494310,404,6712,773,019,936

Indonesia Population Forecast


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YearPopulationYearly % ChangeYearly ChangeMigrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban Pop %Urban PopulationCountry’s Share of World PopWorld Population
2020273,523,615-98,95529.72.32151154,188,5467,794,798,739
2025287,089,635-105,450312.32158170,361,2958,184,437,460
2030299,198,430-100,00732.42.32165185,755,1858,548,487,400
2035309,764,944-94,46433.82.32171200,062,2598,887,524,213
2040318,637,858-94,46535.12.32176212,896,7129,198,847,240
2045325,705,348-94,24736.22.32180224,183,4509,481,803,274
2050330,904,66437.42.32183234,104,9679,735,033,990

Indonesia – Population Of Majors Cities

NoCityPopulation
1Jakarta8,540,121
2Surabaya2,374,658
3Medan1,750,971
4Bandung1,699,719
5Bekasi1,520,119
6Palembang1,441,500
7Tangerang1,372,124
8Makassar1,321,717
9South Tangerang1,303,569
10Semarang1,288,084
11Depok1,198,129
12Batam1,164,352
13Padang840,352
14Denpasar834,881
15Bandar Lampung800,348
16Bogor800,000
17Malang746,716
18Pekanbaru703,956
19City of Balikpapan700,000
20Yogyakarta636,660
21Situbondo600,000
22Banjarmasin572,837
23Surakarta555,308
24Cimahi493,698
25Pontianak455,173
26Manado451,893
27Balikpapan433,866
28Jambi City420,323
29Ambon355,596
30Samarinda355,160
31Mataram318,674
32Percut311,063
33Bengkulu309,712
34Jember298,585
35Palu282,431
36Kupang282,396
37Sukabumi276,414
38Tasikmalaya271,143
39Pekalongan257,945
40Cirebon254,298
41Banda Aceh250,757
42Tegal237,084
43Kediri235,143
44Binjai228,763
45Purwokerto217,222
46Purwakarta215,803
47Loa Janan212,816
48Pematangsiantar209,614
49Ciputat207,858
50Ciampea207,212
51Cileungsir202,190
52Rengasdengklok201,463
53Sumedang200,000
54Kendari195,006
55Parung193,898
56Tanjung Pinang192,493
57Curug191,406
58Labuan Bajo188,724
59Cibinong188,663
60Madiun186,099
61Pemalang184,149
62Lembang183,130
63Probolinggo181,656
64Pamulang174,557
65Cikupa174,041
66Salatiga172,645
67Plumbon167,105
68Banjaran164,952
69Serang164,767
70Lawang159,380

Footnotes